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doi: 10.4316/AECE


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  2/2012 - 14
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 HIGH-IMPACT PAPER 

Modeling and Operational Testing of an Isolated Variable Speed PMSG Wind Turbine with Battery Energy Storage

BAROTE, L. See more information about BAROTE, L. on SCOPUS See more information about BAROTE, L. on IEEExplore See more information about BAROTE, L. on Web of Science, MARINESCU, C. See more information about MARINESCU, C. on SCOPUS See more information about MARINESCU, C. on SCOPUS See more information about MARINESCU, C. on Web of Science
 
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Download PDF pdficon (1,018 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 1,425 | Views: 4,419

Author keywords
wind energy, SOC, energy storage, stand-alone system

References keywords
wind(21), energy(19), power(14), systems(8), system(7), storage(7), turbine(6), renewable(6), control(5), barote(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2012-05-30
Volume 12, Issue 2, Year 2012, On page(s): 81 - 88
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2012.02014
Web of Science Accession Number: 000305608000014
SCOPUS ID: 84865301714

Abstract
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Full text preview
This paper presents the modeling and operational testing of an isolated permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG), driven by a small wind turbine with a battery energy storage system during wind speed and load variations. The whole system is initially modeled, including the PMSG, the boost converter and the storage system. The required power for the connected loads can be effectively delivered and supplied by the proposed wind turbine and energy storage systems, subject to an appropriate control method. Energy storage devices are required for power balance and power quality in stand alone wind energy systems. The main purpose is to supply 230 V / 50 Hz domestic appliances through a single-phase inverter. The experimental waveforms, compared to the simulation results, show a good prediction of the electrical variable parameters. Furthermore, it can be seen that the results validate the stability of the supply.


References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

[1] G. Iwanski, W. Koczara, "Autonomous power system for island or grid-connected wind turbines in distributed generation", European Transactions on Electrical Power, vol. 18, pp. 658-673, 2008
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 11] [SCOPUS Times Cited 13]


[2] B. Sorensen, Renewable Energy - Third Edition, Elsevier Academic Press, UK, 2004.

[3] N. D. Caliao, "Small-signal analysis of a fully rated converter wind turbine", J. Renewable Sustainable Energy, vol. 3, 2011.

[4] G. Michalke, A. D. Hansen, "Modelling and control of variable speed wind turbines for power system studies", Wind energy, vol. 13, 2010.

[5] A. Jamal, et al., "A review of power converter topologies for wind generators", Journal of Renewable Energy, vol. 32, pp. 2369-238, 2007
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 311] [SCOPUS Times Cited 427]


[6] M. Adam, et al., "Architecture Complexity and Energy Efficiency of Small Wind Turbines", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 54, pp. 660-670, 2007
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 143] [SCOPUS Times Cited 194]


[7] T. Tudorache, M. Popescu, "Optimal Design Solutions for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines", Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering Journal, vol. 11, no. 4, pp.77 - 82, 2011
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 27] [SCOPUS Times Cited 30]


[8] Y. Oner, N. Bekiroglu, S. Ozcira, "Dynamic Analysis of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator with Power Electronics", Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering Journal, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 11 - 15, 2010
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]


[9] L. Barote, C. Marinescu, "Storage Analysis for Stand-Alone Wind Energy Applications", Proc. of IEEE OPTIM 2010, Brasov, Romania, pp. 1180 - 1185
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 20]


[10] L. Barote, C. Marinescu, "PMSG Wind Turbine System for Residential Applications", Proc. of IEEE International Symposium on Power Electronics, Electrical Drives, Automation and Motion, SPEEDAM 2010, 14-16 June, Pisa, Italy, 2010, pp. 772 - 777
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 27]


[11] L. Barote, et al., "Stand-Alone Wind System with Vanadium Redox Battery Energy Storage", Proc. IEEE OPTIM 2008, Brasov, Romania, pp. 407 - 412
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 92]


[12] B. Fleck, M. Huot, "Comparative life-cycle assessment of a small wind turbine for residential off-grid use", Journal of Renewable Energy, vol. 34, pp. 2688-2696, 2009
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 75] [SCOPUS Times Cited 88]


[13] C. Liu, et al., "An efficient wind-photovoltaic hybrid generation system using doubly excited permanent magnet brushless dc machine", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. vol. 57, pp. 831-839, 2010
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 125] [SCOPUS Times Cited 184]


[14] M. J. Vasallo, et al., "A Methodology for Sizing Backup Fuel-Cell/Battery Hybrid Power Systems", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. vol. 57, pp.1964-1975, 2010
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 46] [SCOPUS Times Cited 51]


[15] M. Swierczynski, et al., "Overview of the Energy Storage Systems for Wind Power Integration Enhancement", Proc. IEEE ISIE 2010, Poland, Gdansk, pp. 3749 - 3756
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 88]


[16] Y. H. Sun, et al., "Aging Estimation Method for Lead-Acid Battery," IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion", vol. 26, pp. 264-271, 2011
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 29] [SCOPUS Times Cited 35]


[17] S. M. Lukic, et al., "Energy storage systems for automotive applications", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. vol. 55, 2258-2267, 2008
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 638] [SCOPUS Times Cited 821]


[18] Y. Chang, "Lead-acid battery use in the development of renewable energy systems in China", Journal of Power Sources, vol. 191, pp. 176-183, 2009
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 79] [SCOPUS Times Cited 93]


[19] C. Abbey, et al., "A Knowledge-Based Approach for Control of Two-Level Energy Storage for Wind Energy Systems", IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, vol. 24, pp. 539-547, 2009
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 104] [SCOPUS Times Cited 134]


[20] T. Ackermann, Wind Power in Power Systems, John Wiley & Sons Ltd. England, 2005
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2285]


[21] Y. Ming, et al., "Modeling of the Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator for Integration", IEEE Power Eng. Society General Meeting, 2007
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 225]


[22] I. Boldea, Variable Speed Generators-The Electric Generators Handbook, CRC Press. USA, 2006.

[23] L. G. Gonzalez, et al., "Synchronization Techniques Comparison for Sensorless Control Applied to PMSG", Proc. of ICREPQ’09, Spain, 2009.

[24] C. Sreekumar, V. Agarwal, "A hybrid control algorithm for voltage regulation in dc-dc boost converter", IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 6, pp. 2530-2538, Jun. 2008
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 149] [SCOPUS Times Cited 187]


[25] F. Blaabjerg, Z. Chen, Power Electronics for Modern Wind Turbines, Morgan & Claypool Publishers, USA, 2006.

[26] P. Thounthong, et al., "Control Algorithm of Fuel Cell and Batteries for Distributed Generation System", IEEE Trans. Energy Conversion vol. 23, pp. 148 -155, 2008
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 95] [SCOPUS Times Cited 130]


[27] SimPowerSystems, www.mathworks.com.

[28] L. A. C. Lopes, et al., "A Wind Turbine Emulator that Represents the Dynamics of the Wind Turbine Rotor and Drive Train", Proc. of IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 2005, pp. 2092 - 2097
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 38] [SCOPUS Times Cited 65]


[29] T. Tudorache, V. Bostan, "Wind Generators Test Bench. Optimal Design of PI Controller", Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering Journal, vol. 11, no. 3, pp.65 - 70, 2011
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 4] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]


[30] Renewable energy system design tools - Historical weather and climate data for Sulina: http://www.energymatters.com.au/climate-data/?q=sulina&find=Search.

[31] L. Barote, et al., "VRB Modelling for Storage in Stand-Alone Wind Energy Systems", Proc. of IEEE PowerTech Conference, pp. 1078-1083, 2009
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 75]


[32] L. Barote, C. Marinescu, "Li-Ion Modeling for Storage in Stand-Alone Wind Energy Systems", Proc. of SIELMEN'09, pp. 347-353. 2009.



References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 1,887 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 5,272 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 57 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 160 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2022-08-10 19:12 in 144 seconds.




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