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Stefan cel Mare
University of Suceava
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science
13, Universitatii Street
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ROMANIA

Print ISSN: 1582-7445
Online ISSN: 1844-7600
WorldCat: 643243560
doi: 10.4316/AECE


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  3/2015 - 9

 HIGHLY CITED PAPER 

Verification of Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Protection by using the Monte Carlo Method

KRSTIVOJEVIC, J. P. See more information about KRSTIVOJEVIC, J. P. on SCOPUS See more information about KRSTIVOJEVIC, J. P. on IEEExplore See more information about KRSTIVOJEVIC, J. P. on Web of Science, DJURIC, M. B. See more information about DJURIC, M. B. on SCOPUS See more information about DJURIC, M. B. on SCOPUS See more information about DJURIC, M. B. on Web of Science
 
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Download PDF pdficon (1,603 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 783 | Views: 3,141

Author keywords
power transformer, power system protection, transformer earth fault protection, current transformer saturation, measurements, Monte Carlo method

References keywords
power(18), transformer(15), protection(10), current(10), systems(8), transformers(7), protective(5), inrush(5), fault(5), electric(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2015-08-31
Volume 15, Issue 3, Year 2015, On page(s): 65 - 72
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2015.03009
Web of Science Accession Number: 000360171500009
SCOPUS ID: 84940757874

Abstract
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Full text preview
The results of a comprehensive investigation of the influence of current transformer (CT) saturation on restricted earth fault (REF) protection during power transformer magnetization inrush are presented. Since the inrush current during switch-on of unloaded power transformer is stochastic, its values are obtained by: (i) laboratory measurements and (ii) calculations based on the input data obtained by the Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. To make a detailed assessment of the current transformer performance the uncertain input data for the CT model were obtained by applying the MC method. In this way, different levels of remanent flux in CT core are taken into consideration. By the generated CT secondary currents, the algorithm for REF protection based on phase comparison in time domain is tested. On the basis of the obtained results, a method of adjustment of the triggering threshold in order to ensure safe operation during transients, and thereby improve the algorithm security, has been proposed. The obtained results indicate that power transformer REF protection would be enhanced by using the proposed adjustment of triggering threshold in the algorithm which is based on phase comparison in time domain.


References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

[1] CIGRE Study Committee C4, "Transformer Energization in Power Systems: A Study Guide," WG C4.307, Brochure 568, pp. 1-126, 2014.

[2] F. M. Gatta, A. Geri, S. Lauria, M. Maccioni, A. Santarpia, "An ATP-EMTP Monte Carlo procedure for backflashover rate evaluation: A comparison with the CIGRE method," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 113, pp. 134-140, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 23] [SCOPUS Times Cited 25]


[3] J. A. Martinez-Velasco, G. Guerra, "Parallel Monte Carlo approach for distribution reliability assessment," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 8, issue: 11, pp. 1810 - 1819, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 18] [SCOPUS Times Cited 20]


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[5] A. Guzman, H. J. Altuve, G. Benmouyal, "Electric Power Transformer Engineering", pp. 353-381, Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press, 2004.

[6] IEEE Standard C37.91, "IEEE Guide for Protective Relay Applications to Power Transformers".
[CrossRef]


[7] B. Kasztenny, "Impact of transformer inrush currents on sensitive protection functions How to configure adjacent relays to avoid nuisance tripping?," in Proc. 59th Annual Conference for Protective Relay Engineers, 2006., April 2006.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]


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[CrossRef]


[9] W. K. Sonnemann, C. L. Wagner, G. D. Rockefeller, "Magnetizing inrush phenomena in transformer banks," Power Apparatus and Systems, Part III. Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, vol. 77, issue: 3, pp. 884-892, 1958.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 86]


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[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 37] [SCOPUS Times Cited 44]


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[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 33]


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[CrossRef]


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[CrossRef]


[14] D. Y. Shi, J. Buse, Q.H. Wu, C. X. Guo, "Current transformer saturation compensation based on a partial nonlinear model," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 97, pp. 34-40, 2013.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 9] [SCOPUS Times Cited 10]


[15] N. G. Chothani, B. R. Bhalja, "New Algorithm for current transformer saturation detection and compensation based on derivatives of secondary currents and Newton's backward difference formulae," IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 8 , issue: 5, pp. 841-850, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 24] [SCOPUS Times Cited 34]


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[17] R. Hunt, "Impact of CT Errors on Protective Relays - Case Studies and Analysis," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 48, issue: 1, pp. 52-61, 2011.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 8] [SCOPUS Times Cited 13]


[18] T. Sezi, "A new approach for transformer ground differential protection," in Proc. IEEE Transmission and Distribution Conference, Apr 1999., vol. 1, pp. 394-399.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 2]


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[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 6] [SCOPUS Times Cited 8]


[20] N. T. Stringer, G. Dalke, "Ground differential protection: revisited," in Proc. Industrial & Commercial Power Systems Technical Conference, IEEE, 1999, pp. 1-8.
[CrossRef]


[21] J. C. Tan; H. Wei, "A New Restricted Earth Fault Protection," in Proc. Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, CCECE 2007, Vancouver, April 2007, pp. 276-279.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]


[22] P. E. Sutherland, "Application of transformer ground differential protection relays," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 36, issue: 1, pp. 16-21, 2000.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 23] [SCOPUS Times Cited 26]


[23] J. Krstivojevic, M. Djuric, "A New Method of Improving Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Protection," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 14; no. 3: pp. 41-48, 2014.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 11] [SCOPUS Times Cited 12]


[24] D. A. Tziouvaras, P. McLaren, G. Alexander, D. Dawson, J. Esztergalyos, C. Fromen, M. Glinkowski, et al., "Mathematical Models for Current, Voltage, and Coupling Capacitor Voltage Transformers," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 62-72, 2000.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 151] [SCOPUS Times Cited 228]


[25] P. Bastard, P. Bertrand, M. Meunier "A Transformer Model for Winding Fault Studies," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. vol. 9, issue 2, pp. 690-699, 1994.
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[26] J. Mikulovic, M. Savic, "Calculation of transients in transformer winding and determination of winding parameters," Electrical Engineering, vol. 89, issue 4, pp 293-300, 2007.
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[27] A. Koochaki, S. M. Kouhsari, "Detailed Simulation of Transformer Internal Fault in Power System by Diakoptical Concept," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 48-54, 2010.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]


[28] R. Holmgren, R. S. Jenkins, J. Riubrugent, "Transformer Inrush Current," CIGRE paper 12-03, CIGRE Paris, pp. 1-13, 1968. [Online]. Available: http://www.e-cigre.org/Order/select.asp?ID=7471

[29] M. Davarpanah, M. Sanaye-Pasand, R. Iravani, "Performance Enhancement of the Transformer Restricted Earth Fault Relay," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 28, issue: 1, pp. 467-474, 2013,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 18] [SCOPUS Times Cited 26]




References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 496 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 830 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 17 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 28 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2024-04-13 18:07 in 147 seconds.




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