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Conceptual Design of an Online Estimation System for Stigmergic Collaboration and Nodal Intelligence on Distributed DC SystemsDOORSAMY, W. , CRONJE, W.
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autonomous agents, distributed energy systems, microgrid, recursive estimation, state estimation
power(16), microgrids(9), systems(8), energy(8), electronics(8), system(4), optimization(4), impedance(4), control(4)
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About this article
Date of Publication: 2017-05-31
Volume 17, Issue 2, Year 2017, On page(s): 47 - 54
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2017.02007
Web of Science Accession Number: 000405378100007
SCOPUS ID: 85020099701
The secondary level control of stand-alone distributed energy systems requires accurate online state information for effective coordination of its components. State estimation is possible through several techniques depending on the system's architecture and control philosophy. A conceptual design of an online state estimation system to provide nodal autonomy on DC systems is presented. The proposed estimation system uses local measurements - at each node - to obtain an aggregation of the system's state required for nodal self-control without the need for external communication with other nodes or a central controller. The recursive least-squares technique is used in conjunction with stigmergic collaboration to implement the state estimation system. Numerical results are obtained using a Matlab/Simulink model and experimentally validated in a laboratory setting. Results indicate that the proposed system provides accurate estimation and fast updating during both quasi-static and transient states.
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