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Print ISSN: 1582-7445
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doi: 10.4316/AECE


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  2/2018 - 13

 HIGHLY CITED PAPER 

Combination of Long-Term and Short-Term Features for Age Identification from Voice

BUYUK, O. See more information about BUYUK, O. on SCOPUS See more information about BUYUK, O. on IEEExplore See more information about BUYUK, O. on Web of Science, ARSLAN, M. L. See more information about ARSLAN, M. L. on SCOPUS See more information about ARSLAN, M. L. on SCOPUS See more information about ARSLAN, M. L. on Web of Science
 
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Download PDF pdficon (1,172 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 917 | Views: 5,547

Author keywords
feature extraction, Gaussian mixture model, neural networks, speech processing, support vector machines

References keywords
processing(20), speaker(19), speech(16), recognition(14), signal(13), language(12), deep(9), verification(8), neural(8), vector(7)
No common words between the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2018-05-31
Volume 18, Issue 2, Year 2018, On page(s): 101 - 108
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2018.02013
Web of Science Accession Number: 000434245000013
SCOPUS ID: 85047853422

Abstract
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In this paper, we propose to use Gaussian mixture model (GMM) supervectors in a feed-forward deep neural network (DNN) for age identification from voice. The GMM is trained with short-term mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC). The proposed GMM/DNN method is compared with a feed-forward DNN and a recurrent neural network (RNN) in which the MFCC features are directly used. We also make a comparison with the classical GMM and GMM/support vector machine (SVM) methods. Baseline results are obtained with a set of long-term features which are commonly used for age identification in previous studies. A feed-forward DNN and an SVM are trained using the long term features. All the systems are tested using a speech database which consists of 228 female and 156 male speakers. We define three age classes for each gender; young, adult and senior. In the experiments, the proposed GMM/DNN significantly outperforms all the other DNN types. Its performance is only comparable to the GMM/SVM method. On the other hand, experimental results show that age identification performance is significantly improved when the decisions of the short-term and long-term systems are combined together. We obtain approximately 4% absolute improvement with the combination compared to the best standalone system.


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References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 77,074 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 164,769 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 1,835 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 3,923 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2024-06-23 01:22 in 214 seconds.




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