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Stefan cel Mare
University of Suceava
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science
13, Universitatii Street
Suceava - 720229

Print ISSN: 1582-7445
Online ISSN: 1844-7600
WorldCat: 643243560
doi: 10.4316/AECE


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  3/2018 - 5

Graphical Interpretation of the Extended Kalman Filter: Estimating the State-of-Charge of a Lithium Iron Phosphate Cell

CIORTEA, F. See more information about CIORTEA, F. on SCOPUS See more information about CIORTEA, F. on IEEExplore See more information about CIORTEA, F. on Web of Science, NEMES, M. See more information about  NEMES, M. on SCOPUS See more information about  NEMES, M. on SCOPUS See more information about NEMES, M. on Web of Science, HINTEA, S. See more information about HINTEA, S. on SCOPUS See more information about HINTEA, S. on SCOPUS See more information about HINTEA, S. on Web of Science
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Author keywords
battery management systems, electric vehicles, Kalman filters, Lithium batteries, parameter estimation

References keywords
kalman(11), battery(10), filter(8), extended(7), state(6), estimation(6), power(5), charge(5), optim(4), control(4)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2018-08-31
Volume 18, Issue 3, Year 2018, On page(s): 29 - 36
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2018.03005
Web of Science Accession Number: 000442420900005
SCOPUS ID: 85052087917

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Electric vehicles (EVs) fall in line with a new ideology of less waste and more conscious usage of resources, slowly picking up speed. In this context, energy storage is of paramount importance, making batteries a key element in the architecture of the electric vehicles. The state of the battery pack must be thoroughly monitored to prolong lifetime and extend vehicle range. For this, measurable physical quantities (i.e. terminal voltage, charge/discharge current, temperature) must be monitored and processed, while the inferred parameters (e.g. state-of-charge (SoC), state-of-health (SoH)) are computed and continuously updated. Whether we are talking about control of a noisy system, ill-defined decision-making processes or data analysis, estimation theory comes into play on a regular basis. The estimation algorithm is critical for appropriate usage of all available power, therefore, research effort is required to allow development of an optimum for a given application, by exploring design alternatives and their effects. This paper evaluates graphically an extended Kalman filter (EKF) for determining the SoC of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) considering various cell models, initial conditions and charge/discharge profiles. The results are qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by extracting and visualizing the dynamics of the internal variables of the filter during operation.

References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

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[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 35]

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[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 391]

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[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 84] [SCOPUS Times Cited 89]

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[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 129] [SCOPUS Times Cited 152]

[6] H. Rahimi-Eichi, U. Ojha, F. Baronti and M.-Y. Chow, "Battery management system: an overview of its application in the smart grid and electric vehicles," IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 4-16, June 2013,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 444] [SCOPUS Times Cited 512]

[7] K.-S. Ng, Y.-F. Huang, C.-S. Moo and Y.-C. Hsieh, "An enhanced coulomb counting method for estimating state-of-charge and state-of-health of lead-acid batteries," Intl. Telecommunications Energy Conf., Dec. 2009,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 58]

[8] H. Dai, Z. Sun and X. Wei, "Online SOC estimation of high-power lithium-ion batteries used on HEVs," in ICVES, June 2007, pp. 342-347,
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 56]

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[11] Y. Wang, H. Fang, L. Zhou and T. Wada, "A methodical investigation of the extended Kalman filter approach," IEEE Control Systems Magazine, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 73-96, July 2017,
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[12] Y. Niu and L. Hu, "An extended Kalman filter application on moving object tracking," in Proc. 5th Intl Conf. Electrical Engineering and Automatic Control, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016, pp. 1261-1268,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 2] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2]

[13] R. Faragher, "Understanding the basis of the Kalman filter via a simple and intuitive derivation," Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 128-132, Sept. 2012,
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 250] [SCOPUS Times Cited 318]

[14] T. Michalski, C. Lopez, A. Garcia and L. Romeral, "Sensorless control of five phase PMSM based on extended Kalman filter" Annual Conf. IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Oct. 2016, pp. 2904-2909,
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[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 17]

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[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]

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References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 2,387 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 4,582 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 109 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 208 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2022-01-20 23:02 in 142 seconds.

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