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Stefan cel Mare
University of Suceava
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science
13, Universitatii Street
Suceava - 720229

Print ISSN: 1582-7445
Online ISSN: 1844-7600
WorldCat: 643243560
doi: 10.4316/AECE


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File System Performance Comparison in Full Hardware Virtualization with ESXi, KVM, Hyper-V and Xen Hypervisors

DJORDJEVIC, B. See more information about DJORDJEVIC, B. on SCOPUS See more information about DJORDJEVIC, B. on IEEExplore See more information about DJORDJEVIC, B. on Web of Science, TIMCENKO, V. See more information about  TIMCENKO, V. on SCOPUS See more information about  TIMCENKO, V. on SCOPUS See more information about TIMCENKO, V. on Web of Science, KRALJEVIC, N. See more information about  KRALJEVIC, N. on SCOPUS See more information about  KRALJEVIC, N. on SCOPUS See more information about KRALJEVIC, N. on Web of Science, MACEK, N. See more information about MACEK, N. on SCOPUS See more information about MACEK, N. on SCOPUS See more information about MACEK, N. on Web of Science
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Author keywords
file systems, operating systems, performance evaluation, platform virtualization, virtual machine monitors

References keywords
performance(18), hypervisors(11), comparison(9), server(7), vmware(6), virtualization(6), evaluation(6), virtual(5), science(5), computing(5)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2021-02-28
Volume 21, Issue 1, Year 2021, On page(s): 11 - 20
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2021.01002
Web of Science Accession Number: 000624018800002
SCOPUS ID: 85102812758

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This paper focus is the mathematical modeling of the file system performance in virtual environment when using type-1 hypervisors. The modeling provides a set of hypotheses related to the expected behavior. The presented model is validated based on the analysis of a collection of the results obtained for a specific case study. Our case study includes the file system performance comparison, in full hardware virtualization, when examining four dominant type-1 hypervisors: ESXi, KVM, Hyper-V, and Xen. We chose Filebench as a benchmark tool, which guarantees comprehensive and versatile testing of file system performance, whereas for all tested hypervisors we have provided an equivalent environment and testing conditions. For all the examined hypervisors, we have tested the cases with one, two, and three virtual machines that are running simultaneously, whereas CentOS 6.3 Linux is used as the guest operating system. We have further validated the mathematical model and defined hypotheses by the means of the case study benchmark results.

References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

[1] C. Jiang, Y. Wang, D. Ou, Y. Li, J. Zhang, J. Wan, B. Luo, W. Shi, "Energy efficiency comparison of hypervisors," Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems, vol. 22, pp. 311-321, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 13] [SCOPUS Times Cited 22]

[2] Y. Jin, Y. Wen, Q. Chen, "Energy efficiency and server virtualization in data centres," IEEE Conf. on Computer Communications Workshops (INFOCOM WKSHPS), pp. 133-138, 2012.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 60]

[3] S. Pawar, S. Singh, "Performance comparison of VMWare and Xen hypervisor on guest OS," IJICSE, vol.2, num. 3, pp. 56-60, 2015. ISSN: 2393-8528.

[4] A. Kumar, S. Shiwani, "Guest operating system based performance comparison of VMWare & Xen hypervisor," International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 286-297, 2014. ISSN: 2348-4098.

[5] A. Bhatia, G. Bhattal, "A comparative study of various hypervisors performance," International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 65-71, 2016.

[6] V. P. Singh, "Analysis of system performance using VMWare ESXi server virtual machines," PhD Thesis, 2012. Online:

[7] E. Correia, "Hypervisor based server virtualization," Encyclopedia of Information, Science and Technology, 3rd Edition, IGI Global, pp. 1182-1187, 2015.

[8] H. Kazan, L. Perneel, M. Timmermann, "Benchmarking the performance of Microsoft Hyper-V server, VMWare ESXi and Xen hypervisors," J. of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 922-933, 2013. ISSN 2079-8407

[9] M. Polenov, V. Guzik, V. Lukyanov, "Hypervisors comparison and their performance," Computer Science On-line Conf., Springer, Cham, pp. 148-157, 2018.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]

[10] R. Y. Ameen, A. Y. Hamo, "Survey of server virtualization," (IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, vol. 11, no.3, 2013. arXiv preprint arXiv:1304.3557

[11] A. Varasteh, M. Goudarz, "Server consolidation techniques in virtualized data centers," IEEE System J., vol.2, no. 11, pp. 772-783, 2017.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 62] [SCOPUS Times Cited 83]

[12] P. Kedia, R. Nagpal, "Performance evaluation of virtual environment with respect to physical environment," International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 - 8887), vol. 89, num. 11, 2014.

[13] P. Vijaya V. Reddy, L. Rajamani, "Evaluation of different hypervisors performance in the private cloud with SIGAR framework," (IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 5, num. 2, 2014.

[14] F. Bari, R. Boutaba, R. Estaves, L. Granville, M. Podlesny, "Data center network virtualization: A survey," IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 2, no. 15, pp. 909-928, 2013.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 402] [SCOPUS Times Cited 476]

[15] R. Marabito, J. Kjallman, M. Kamm, "Hypervisors vs. lightweight virtualization: a performance comparison," Cloud Engineering (IC2E), International Conference on IEEE, pp. 386-393, 2015.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 137] [SCOPUS Times Cited 214]

[16] J. Hwang, S. Zeng, F. Wu, and T. Wood, "A component-based performance comparison of four hypervisors," 13th IFIP/IEEE International Symposium on Integrated Network Management (IM) Technical Session, pp. 269-276, 2013. ISBN: 978-3-901882-50-0 978-1-4673-5229-1, 978-3-901882-51-7

[17] A. Elsayed, N. Abdelbaki, "Performance evaluation and comparison of the top market virtualization hypervisors," IEEE International Conference on Computer Engineering and Systems, pp. 45-50, 2013.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 13]

[18] W. Graniszewski, A. Arciszewski, "Performance analysis of selected hypervisors (Virtual Machine Monitors-VMMs)," International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications, vol. 62, num. 3, 231-236, 2016.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 12]

[19] S. A. Algarni, M. R. Ikbal, R. Alroobaea, A. S. Ghiduk, F. Nadeem, "Performance evaluation of Xen, KVM, and Proxmox hypervisors," International Journal of Open Source Software and Processes, vol. 9, num. 2, 2018.
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[20] ***, VMware, "The CPU scheduler in VMware vSphere 5.1 performance study," Technical White Paper, 2013.

[21] L. Cherkasova, D. Gupta, A. Vahdat, "Comparison of the three CPU schedulers in Xen," ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review 35(2), pp. 42-51, 2007.

[22] C. D. Graziano, "A performance analysis of Xen and KVM hypervisors for hosting the Xen worlds project," Iowa State University (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 12215.

[23] B. Djordjevic, N. Macek, V. Timcenko, "Performance issues in cloud computing: KVM hypervisor's cache modes evaluation," vol.12, no.4, pp. 147-165, 2015.

[24] K. T. Raghavendra, "Virtual CPU scheduling techniques for kernel based virtual machine (KVM)," IBM India, IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing in Emerging Markets (CCEM), pp. 1-6, 2013.
[CrossRef] [SCOPUS Times Cited 9]

[25] L. Carvalho, "Windows server 2012 Hyper-V cookbook," Packt Publishing Ltd, 2012.

[26] V. K. Manik, D. Arora, "Performance comparison of commercial VMM: ESXi, XEN, HYPER-V & KVM," 3rd International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, 2016. ISBN: Electronic ISBN:978-9-3805-4421-2, DVD ISBN:978-9-3805-4420-5, Print on Demand(PoD) ISBN:978-1-4673-9417-8

References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 615 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 895 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 23 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 33 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2022-01-22 08:48 in 96 seconds.

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Disclaimer: All queries to the respective databases were made by using the DOI record of every reference (where available). Due to technical problems beyond our control, the information is not always accurate. Please use the CrossRef link to visit the respective publisher site.

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