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Print ISSN: 1582-7445
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doi: 10.4316/AECE


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  2/2022 - 8

Enhanced Transient Performance of Wind-Driven PMSG: A Revised Control Structure of Wind-Power Converters

ALI, M. A. S. See more information about ALI, M. A. S. on SCOPUS See more information about ALI, M. A. S. on IEEExplore See more information about ALI, M. A. S. on Web of Science
 
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Download PDF pdficon (2,227 KB) | Citation | Downloads: 959 | Views: 1,138

Author keywords
generators, power converters, power system faults, power system security, wind energy integration

References keywords
wind(19), energy(19), system(15), power(14), control(14), voltage(9), grid(9), systems(8), pmsg(8), generator(7)
Blue keywords are present in both the references section and the paper title.

About this article
Date of Publication: 2022-05-31
Volume 22, Issue 2, Year 2022, On page(s): 61 - 70
ISSN: 1582-7445, e-ISSN: 1844-7600
Digital Object Identifier: 10.4316/AECE.2022.02008
Web of Science Accession Number: 000810486800008
SCOPUS ID: 85131727947

Abstract
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To deal with low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) and to enhance the transient performance of a grid-connected wind-driven permanent-magnet synchronous generator during voltage dips on the grid side, this study presents a revised control structure for wind-power converters, comprising a machine-side converter (MSC) and grid-side converter (GSC). In the proposed approach, the control variables references are modified with grid voltage, and the revised control designs for the MSC and GSC are established. During voltage dips, the captured wind power is stored as the kinetic energy of the turbine rotor. The active component of the stator current is curtailed according to the dip level by terminating the maximum power tracking operation. The modified GSC current references assist the grid in providing the required reactive current and attempt to minimize the power loss by utilizing the maximum GSC current-carrying capacity. The revised controls are responsible not only for maintaining the DC-link voltage and GSC current within safe limits, but also support the grid in providing reactive power during voltage recovery. Simulations verify the suitability and effectiveness of the proposed design in handling LVRT operations and providing additional flexibility by incorporating stability and security constraints.


References | Cited By  «-- Click to see who has cited this paper

[1] M. A S. Ali, "Utilizing active rotor-current references for smooth grid connection of a DFIG-based wind-power system," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 91-98, 2020.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 8] [SCOPUS Times Cited 9]


[2] M. A. S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, S. Baloch, C. H. Kim, "Modified rotor-side converter control design for improving the LVRT capability of a DFIG-based WECS," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 186, p. 106403, 2020.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 37] [SCOPUS Times Cited 48]


[3] M. A S. Ali, "Step towards enriching frequency support from wind-driven permanent-magnet synchronous generator for power system stability," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 77-86, 2022.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [SCOPUS Times Cited 4]


[4] M. A. S. Ali, "LMI-based state feedback control structure for resolving grid connectivity issues in DFIG-based WT systems," Eng, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 562-591, 2021.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 3] [SCOPUS Times Cited 3]


[5] M. A S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, J. S. Kim, C. H. Kim, "ESD-based Crowbar for Mitigating DC-link Variations in a DFIG-based WECS," In: International Conference on Power System Transients, Perpignan, France, pp. 1-6, 2019

[6] M. Firouzi, G. B. Gharehpetian, "LVRT performance enhancement of DFIG-based wind farms by capacitive bridge-type fault current limiter," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1118-1125, 2018.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 77] [SCOPUS Times Cited 101]


[7] M. J. Dehkordi, S. V. Zadeh, J. Mohammadi, "Development of a combined control system to improve the performance of a PMSG-based wind energy conversion system under normal and grid fault conditions," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 1287-1295, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 48] [SCOPUS Times Cited 66]


[8] O. P. Mahela, N. Gupta, M. Khosravy, N. Patel, "Comprehensive overview of low voltage ride through methods of grid integrated wing generator," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 99299-99326, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 115] [SCOPUS Times Cited 154]


[9] M. A. S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, C. H. Kim, "Power system stability improvement through the coordination of TCPS-based damping controller and power system stabilizer," Advances in Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 27-36, 2017.
[CrossRef] [Full Text] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 10]


[10] H. Geng, L. Liu, R. Li, "Synchronization and reactive current support of PMSG-Based wind farm during severe grid fault," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 1596-1604, 2018.
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[11] M. F. Kangarlu, E. Babei, F. Blaabjerg, "A comprehensive review of dynamic voltage restorer," International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 92, pp. 135-155, 2019.
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[12] Z. Salama, H. S. Aly, M. M. Abdel-Akher, M. et al., "Frequency and voltage control of microgrid with high WECS penetration during wind gusts using superconducting magnetic energy storage," Electrical Engineering, vol. 101, pp. 771-786, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 27] [SCOPUS Times Cited 30]


[13] C. Huang, X. Y. Xiao, Z. Zheng, Y. Wang, "Cooperative control of SFCL and SMES for protecting PMSG-Based WTGs under grid faults," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 2, p. 5601106, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 60] [SCOPUS Times Cited 47]


[14] M. N. Musarrat, A. Fekih, "A fractional order sliding mode control-based topology to improve the transient stability of wind energy systems," International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 133, p. 107306, 2021.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 16] [SCOPUS Times Cited 29]


[15] M. K. Dcsoglu, O. Ozkaraca, U. Guvenc, "Novel active-passive compensator-supercapacitor modeling for low-voltage ride-through capability in DFIG-based wind turbines," Electrical Engineering, vol. 101, pp. 1119-1132, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 11] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]


[16] M. N. Musarrat, A. Fekih, M. R. Islam, "An improved fault ride through scheme and control strategy for DFIG-based wind energy systems," IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 31, no. 8, p. 5401906, 2021.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 13] [SCOPUS Times Cited 26]


[17] M. A. S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, J. K. Park, C. H. Kim, "Battery energy storage system-based stabilizers for power system oscillations damping," Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers, vol. 10, pp. 75-84, 2016.
[CrossRef]


[18] P. Xing, L. Fu, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, "A composite control method of low-voltage ride through for PMSG-based wind turbine generation system," IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 117-125, 2018.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 38] [SCOPUS Times Cited 44]


[19] M. Wang, Y. Hu, W. Zhao, Y. Wang, G. Chen, "Application of modular multilevel converter in medium voltage high power permanent magnet synchronous generator wind energy conversion systems," IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 10, no. 16, pp. 824-833, 2016.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 67] [SCOPUS Times Cited 80]


[20] L. S. Barros, C. M. V. Barros, "An internal model control for enhanced grid-connection of direct-driven PMSG-based wind generators," Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 51, pp. 440-450, 2017.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 33] [SCOPUS Times Cited 49]


[21] O. A. Lara, N. Jenkins, J. Ekanayake, P. Cartwright, F. Hughes, Wind energy generation: Modeling and Control, Wiley, 2009

[22] N. H. Saad, A. A. El-Sattar, M. E. Marei, "Improved bacterial foraging optimization for grid connected wind energy conversion system based PMSG with matrix converter," Ain Shams Engineering Journal, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 2183-2193, 2018.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 17] [SCOPUS Times Cited 25]


[23] Z. M. Hailemariam, R. Leidhold, G. T. Tesfamariam, Real-time dc-link voltage control of 5-kW PMSG-based wind turbine generator through a test-rig," Electrical Engineering, vol. 103, pp. 1869-1880, 2021.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 1] [SCOPUS Times Cited 2]


[24] R. Basak, G. Bhuvaneswari, R. Pillai, "Low-voltage ride-through of a synchronous generator-based variable speed grid-interfaced wind energy conversion system," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 752-762, 2020.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 38] [SCOPUS Times Cited 56]


[25] M. A. S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, C. H. Kim, "Full operational regimes for SPMSG-based WECS using generation of active current references," International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy System, vol. 112, pp. 428-441, 2019.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 10] [SCOPUS Times Cited 11]


[26] M. A. S. Ali, K. K. Mehmood, S. Baloch, C. H. Kim, "Wind-speed estimation and sensorless control for SPMSG-based WECS using LMI-based SMC," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 26524-26535, 2020.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 14] [SCOPUS Times Cited 17]


[27] X. Q. Zhang, J. He, Y. Xu, Z. Hong, Y. Chen, K. Strunz, "Average-value modeling of direct-driven PMSG-based wind energy conversion systems," IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, pp. 1-1, 2021.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 7] [SCOPUS Times Cited 20]


[28] Y. Shen, D. Ke, Y. Sun, D. S. Kirschen, W. Qiao, X. Deng, "Advanced auxiliary control of an energy storage device for transient voltage support of a doubly fed induction generator," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 63-76, 2016.
[CrossRef] [Web of Science Times Cited 43] [SCOPUS Times Cited 58]


[29] F. Blaabjerg, D. Xu, W. Chen, N. Zhu, Advanced control of doubly fed induction generator for wind power systems, Wiley-IEEE, 2018



References Weight

Web of Science® Citations for all references: 923 TCR
SCOPUS® Citations for all references: 1,207 TCR

Web of Science® Average Citations per reference: 31 ACR
SCOPUS® Average Citations per reference: 40 ACR

TCR = Total Citations for References / ACR = Average Citations per Reference

We introduced in 2010 - for the first time in scientific publishing, the term "References Weight", as a quantitative indication of the quality ... Read more

Citations for references updated on 2024-07-10 08:39 in 178 seconds.




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